Changing Settings in Direct Connection. IBM Emailed IBM Cognos active reports are not recognized by the IBM Cognos Mobile native app Build Properties aka "build. To reset your APN settings, tap the Menu (3 dots) icon and then tap Reset to default. The default access point name is on the product label. freedesktop. of this full system check. go to "access point names" o2 - UK is shown in the header but screen blank with message "access point name settings are not available for this user" available options: "reset to default" - goes through a reset but same message "new APN" pressed but nothing happens. These settings vary by carrier and plan and may include. 15 readies Nest Wifi support and migrating Google Wifi units to the new companion. On Apple phones go to Setup > General > Network > Mobile Data. This updated my radios (I was on. • Use the Internet via the newly created dial-up connection. For this, there is an option available in the settings Vodafone APN settings for mobile phones & tablets. Select ‘New APN’ by tapping the three small circles at the bottom right side of the screen. In the event the AAA is not available to arbitrate, the. Connect with us on Messenger. I am able to set 'default' settings. Access Point Name (APN) settings for cellular networks on Windows devices: The Administrator can configure more than one APN profile to that allows users to change APN settings. > Create new APN --> with the name of ur network and set APN to internet --> Save and select newly created APn to activate. The GPRS Access Point Name specifying the APN used when establishing a data session with the GSM-based network. In this blog I’m going to talk about how we can easily write a SharePoint 2013 workflow which consumes public or commercial HTTP (REST) web service and how we can simply make it run as a service that sends…. For example, if you configure CounterACT to use Telnet and SNMP v2 to communicate with Aerohive access points, make corresponding settings in Hive Ma nager. I'm in root. Rolling out to Android and iOS today, Google Home 2. Android hidden settings gives users the access to shortcuts and some hidden features in your phone. My data stopped working about 2 wks ago and I could not find the correct APN settings for my LG Optimus Regard. access point name settings are not available for this user. 1 AccessPoint Setup. Name: Enter the name you want to give this configuration setting. A user can choose not to accept certain cookies by turning this feature 'off' within the browser settings, however doing this may detract from 'user experience' of certain web sites or even prevent access to some of our websites. Access Point Names are composed of several settings. Click Options -> New Access Point Access Point Name (APN): softbank User name: [email protected] Password: softbank I. The name of the WiFi access point the device connected to most recently. How to solve "APN settings not available for the current user profile" You have just unlocked your phone and somehow, your device cannot connect to the Mobile Data network. Sim1 is naka lock sa Globe then sa Sim2 ang problem ko hindi ako maka pag add ng APN. The configuration settings you define here must match the configuration settings you define in the plugin configuration screens at the CounterACT Console. To fix it, you need re-setup the users. APN, also known as, Access Point Name, is a fancy name for the settings on your device that connect your cellular carrier’s network to the internet. Permit user to modify Wi-Fi setting. Tap Mobile networks. Choose ‘Access Point Names’. The USB modem can be used to access the Internet, your company’s intranet, or you can use it to send and receive email. -Click on Menu and then Settings. following. You will need to give your phone a little help by Tried adding APN and hard reset with no luck. End-User passwords are not needed for this action, only On the Airwatch console, create a VPN This setting is available as a tunnel Windows 10 Custom Profile Solution Overview. Setting holds good for jio volte & they are tested for 2019. In the Access Point Name field, type the access point name. Roku link code While you suppose that far-flung is not responding well, constantly factor the far off at once to the front of the Roku tool. Exetel APN Settings For BlackBerry. Data roaming option: don’t roam. APN Descriptions and Characteristics. Tap Access Point Names. Tap on Mobile Data (some phones say “more”) 3. The connection software that most cellular providers make available for use with their products with a computer normally includes the APN configuration by default, but the Cradlepoint. If you are connecting a cellular data network for the first time, then Goto Network icon on lower right of the taskbar and select the cellular network in the list. IMPORTANT! You will need to have Wi-Fi access point with the Internet access or share Internet from your Android device by enabling mobile Hotspot in Android Settings. Make it something recognizable so everyone knows it is an AP for the community network. K/Broadcom 4. HMS Core on Android is Huawei's attempt at providing functionality similar to GMS Core and Google Play Services. If your Access desktop database is going to be used by multiple users, well-designed forms is essential for efficiency and data entry accuracy. Before selecting a wireless router, check and write down the required setup information, including the SSID and network key [ Checking the Access Point Name or Network Key. User Application Requirement. Managing access points at scale is now easier by using RF Profiles to fine-tune coverage across multiple access points. 1 day ago · Players compete in 3 of the 4 tournaments, which each have a 130,000 euro prize fund, with 24,000 for 1st place. I had flashed cm13 on my LG LS990 yesterday and everything worked fine except for the mobile data connection. uk (PAYG: payandgo. This video show How to add APN Access Point Names in Samsung Galaxy S6 or S6 Edge. device is designed to access the Internet via LTE (4G)technology and share the Internet through a WLAN network. iP110 series Online Manual Read Me First Useful Functions Available on the Machine Overview of the Printer Printing Troubleshooting English. Reading the user manual will help you make the most of your product. Some cellular networks use technology that requires an Access Point Name (APN) to be configured on the modem to successfully establish an internet connection. Get the most of your router and learn how to change your router settings as login and password, IP Should even this fail to grant you access to your router's admin interface, try searching for help Enter the router user name and password. i can't see o2 under apn in apns only thing it says in the middle " Access point name settings are not available for this User" nothing else. You may edit the following settings: connection, gsm, serial, ppp, ipv4, ipv6 nmcli> set gsm. However, if you might get into a situation where you have to set the APN settings manually, you would have to Below, we have listed the Access Point Settings for all major networks available in the US. EMM benefits "Device owner has disabled Developer Mode for this device. My replies are based on experience and reading content available on the website. iOS APN Settings (iOS Version 7. This is usually given by the Administrator and has no effect on the. To get access to Console Streaming, you must be a part of the Xbox Insider programme (in the Alpha. following. Point will top off California PFL earnings to full salary for up to six weeks, as well as two weeks of fully paid leave to be available after exhaustion of CA PFL. If enabled, the user is re-directed to device settings from where Kiosk/MDM management can be revoked. When I go to "Access Point Names" under the "Mobile network settings" in CyanogenMod 12. 2 ways of doing the same thing are change your windows key to the Click the link to "Manage organization-wide settings for device access management. Consumer Cellular’s Access Point Name (APN) will need to be installed in the phone in order for it to connect to cellular data. This unique name is the access point NetBIOS name. Start up IJ. ServiceUnknown - The name org. Private channels are available starting this week and you can learn more here. 04 LTS'll notice that this mode isn't available to choose from the drop-down. Hello all, my name is HyongGuk Kim, a Senior Program Manager on the SharePoint Designer team. Setting for ViVo V5 / v5 Plus. Router as pass-through with default firmware. I have already made the first step with Voucher access, the more visitors will have access to the computers in the "administrative" network and it is not the correct one. Just when you thought we had hit rock bottom on all the ways the Internet could snoop on us — no. Read honest and unbiased product reviews. APN Selection Mode. To access all available language settings in one page, click on the drop-down arrow on the top-right corner of the page. The Metro PCS Network settings are usually automatically configured, and do not need to be changed. This article will explain how to use your TP-Link N router as an access point. The main router will be connected to the TP-Link N router via LAN port (as seen below). Configure Windows 8 & 8. I know this seems stupid but i am having a problem that when i click on individual account in windows dev account registration. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. These APN (Access Point Name) settings are very important for the device to establish an So to manually set it, head over to Android Settings—> Cellular Network—> Access Points Names. Select the network you’re using below to access the settings that need to be installed in your phone. * IMPORTANT: Ensure all letters are lowercase and there are NO spaces before or after 'afrihost'. had me adjust the Access Point Names (APN) and make some other mobile network changes. From the "APN" section, edit the APN as required then tap or click. To apply for PayPal Working Capital, your business must have a PayPal Business or Premier account for at least 90 days and process a minimum of $15,000 (or for Premier accounts $20,000) within those 90 days or within any time period less than or equal to 12 months. ow if i put unique name in in it i got error of individual can have display name. Name: Enter the name you want to give this configuration setting. You may not use tokens the Software uses The Software may include features that provide an access point to, or rely on, other services. The feature is not supported when in Client Mode. Click "Apply" to save the settings. Most get the world as they scroll their phone settings. click "add" or "+". Remember to power cycle the isp modem/router and the wireless. Note: Depending on the theme running on the BlackBerry smartphone, click Settings > Options specific to the network being used. Network > APN (Access Point Name) Tab. Consequently, IPPT mode does not allow user access to the modem web UI and NAT mode does allow user access to the modem web UI. This setting also allows users to choose whether or not to display the mobile network name in the status bar, to change the access point name (APN), and to. Some users reported the notification sounds not working on their Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge. Usually, you’ll only see one, but computers with WiFi cards and Ethernet cards will see two listings. I am on holiday in the US with my Belgian Galaxy S8+. Could Not Activate Cellular Data Network PDP Authentication Failure: This issue is of networking. BSNL APN Settings For 4G, 3G, 2G Internet- Manual Data Settings with APN Any smartphone is incomplete without a working internet connection- weather via mobile data or Wi-Fi connectivity. Data roaming option: don’t roam. The APN finds the IP address that the device is identified with on the network, determines if a private network is needed, chooses the correct. Only letters, numbers, and dashes are allowed. Orange Romania Android 7 Nougat APN settings, 3G settings, 4G LTE APN settings, MMS, internet access point. When you purchase your cellular plan, your carrier will provide you with various settings. TestLink is a web application; it provides a private website to an individual or a set of requested users belonging to the same company/project. Changing the Access Point Name (APN) may affect the performance and Internet connectivity of the device. From Verizon to T-Mobile and others. I use these Recommended Wireless Router Settings I use channel 11. Heard of the access point name? this a world used in the technological world especially in the internet and telecom service providers. 1*TV Box, 1*AU Plug Power Adapter, 1*Remote Control, 1*HDMI Cable, 1*User Manual. Sophos utm allow for really granular firewall control. 3 This document is intended to serve as a user guide in the setting up of internal features of the Nokia 7250i mobile phone. Select the “+” plus sign to add a new Access Point Name. However, in some cases, these processes do not work, and you can see the message of "APN settings not available for If you are one of the users who still see the above error message. The last thing to do of none of the above work is to do a factory reset on your device. ” Information security. If no value is listed, leave the field blank. This updated my radios (I was on. Windows Mobile/CE settings. Android APN settings for O2. Best Answer: If there's a computer connected physically to your access point/router, then use that pc but if there's none then you just have to plug your laptop to that access point and open internet explorer or firefox then type 192. 2 Select Settings > Wireless controls > Mobile networks > Access Point Names. 17 hours ago · With intrinsic security, VMware reduces the risk to critical applications, sensitive data, and users by shrinking the attack surface across clouds, data centers, end users, and the enterprise edge. It is extremely useful when you are away from the office, on the road, or wherever a wireline Internet access is not readily available. Re: New activation - no service, phone says APN not available to this user No, I cannot see any previous settings. In the screenshot there is a second AP operating in the 5 GHz band, this access point is not broadcasting the AP Name, in this scenario by default Ekahau will display the vendor name where possible, followed by the last two octets of the radio MAC address. This chapter is provided solely for those who wish to perform more advanced. Packet communication charge applies even if data are not received correctly. Click Access Points. Configures access point name settings for your devices. GBoard is one of the most popular keyboards on Android, riding the popularity charts on the back of its. Microsoft may change or discontinue the Previews, or terminate your access to the Previews, at any time The Other Services may not be available in all regions. Start up IJ. Press Connectivity. Sim1 is naka lock sa Globe then sa Sim2 ang problem ko hindi ako maka pag add ng APN. You may not use tokens the Software uses The Software may include features that provide an access point to, or rely on, other services. Please tell us which questions below are the same as this one: Your model c2-03 access point setting available only vodafone not other mobile co?. 0 of Kaspersky Endpoint Security Cloud, this feature is not available. If the user name is missing, the device prompts for the string. The APN finds the IP address that the device is identified with on the network, determines if a private network is needed, chooses the correct. P530 is portable and easy to use. Nothing happens I only get the message "Access Point Name settings are not available for this. User name: Password:. The default access point name is on the product label. After the recent update of Miui 8. Access Point name. APN stands for Access Point Name. In addition to identifying a PDN, an APN may also be used to define the type of service, (eg connection to wireless application protocol (WAP) server, multimedia messaging service (MMS)), that is provided by the PDN. 4 KitKat, Android 5 Lollipop, Android 6 Marshmallow, Android 7 Nougat, Android 8 Oreo please select here tentatively translated into English): Access point Name settings are not available for this user. GBoard is one of the most popular keyboards on Android, riding the popularity charts on the back of its. If the user name is missing, the device prompts for the string. When you purchase your cellular plan, your carrier will provide you with various settings. Other Information The iOS (Apple) devices should not require manual changes of settings. If Wi-Fi is missing, the Internet access icon will also be missing from your taskbar. Open mobile setting and find mobile network menu. VMware AirWatch. Click here for more details. Select Access Point Names. The team is proud to announce the release of Touch the T-Mobile APN if one is available. Often it is the case that the network adapter is configured. Reports say that a database encrypted using Access 2010 - 2013 default encryption scheme does not work with this connection string. You may not use tokens the Software uses The Software may include features that provide an access point to, or rely on, other services. Your email address will not be published. 1 AccessPoint Setup. Nearest mount point name or Correction stream name When asking the information above, tell your provider that RTCM 3. If you’re experiencing issues connecting to the internet once we’ve upgraded your network connection you might need to update your Access Point Name (APN) settings. I even went back to stock (upgrading radios and firmware in the process) by applying the latest RUU here. ACL Policy is LOCAL. * Go to Wireless>Wireless Settings and configure the SSID (Network name)which can be the same or different from the main. Work settings on Android O are available to the user as a separate app inside the profile. To manage the service, dial *123*30# and press the call button. 2 WPS Button Press this button to add new wireless devices quickly and easily using Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS). Automation reduces the time support staff spend entering customer data and allows them to focus more on engaging the customer. This issue is apparently related to a deconfiguration of user accounts. NOTE: I set preferred networks to Global after initializing the APN. Before I list out the APN. Most get the world as they scroll their phone settings. If Mobile data is not one of APN , Click Menu 6. User name: This string specifies the user name for this APN. You can switch between available network modes and. Access Point Name (APN) settings for cellular networks on Windows devices: The Administrator can configure more than one APN profile to that allows users to change APN settings. The feature is not supported when in Client Mode. ServiceUnknown - The name org. You can also edit the already listed APNs. In some cases, APN (Access Point Name) settings may not be able to push/download to your mobile. Without proper setup of APN you will not be able use any of the services mentioned above. When the username name privilege 10 command is issued, access to commands with a privilege level Commands set on a higher privilege level are not available for lower privilege users. IMPORTANT! Don’t forget to select “SAVE” when you are done. Changing Settings in Direct Connection. If your Nokia feature phone isn't automatically connecting to the internet, you'll need to enter the Vodafone APN settings manually. Etisalat APN setting It is also seemingly random as to who. i had trouble getting my internet working on my at&t net10 phone,i have read the posts and they are all out Wi-Fi calling and Visual Voicemail are not available for these models. This was already a necessity for several wired IOT devices anyway. Basic Settings Help. Obviously we’re assuming the iPhone has the Personal Hotspot feature available through the cellular company or mobile carrier plan, thus the feature is available to use but it’s just not working as expected. I have some trouble setting up mobile data with my moto g 2nd gen xt1068. Username: Optional. How do I find my Access Point Name/Network Name? Chat 1:1 with a network technicianLicensed Experts are available 24/7. DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY Hereby, NOKIA CORPORATION decl ares that this RM-320 product is in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive 1999/5/EC. Free shipping and free returns on eligible items. To start with an empty access point, select Use default settings. The WAC505 is a two-stream 802. Windows Passport for Work: This feature supports enhanced authentication and login experience for users on Windows 10 devices. Log in to the Device Manager. Network: In the list, click the type of network to use. If you are configuring a new AP that has never been provisioned before, you must first connect the AP to the controller according the instructions included with that AP. i keep on getting the message packet data: packet data connection not available. To manage the service, dial *123*30# and press the call button. Another typical scenario for this partitioning strategy is to maximize the security of sensitive data. I'm in root. On Android phones, users can access APN settings by pressing the Menu key, then Settings > Wireless & Networks > Mobile Networks > Access Point Names. The configuration settings you define here must match the configuration settings you define in the plugin configuration screens at the CounterACT Console. This unique name is the access point NetBIOS name. Select the “+” plus sign to add a new Access Point Name. Scroll to and select "Settings" and scroll to and select "General". go to "access point names" o2 - UK is shown in the header but screen blank with message "access point name settings are not available for this user" available options: "reset to default" - goes through a reset but same message "new APN" pressed but nothing happens. So the user authenticates to Azure AD, the device is joined to the Azure AD and automatically enrolled in Intune. Displays message "access point name settings are not available for this user" I can't enter additional APN settings and save them but they aren't displayed. APN settings are not available for this user SOLUTION they've restricted the user being able to edit the APN settings and after sfailing to find a solution online I have to figure it out. This mixture did not set, not even overnight. BSNL APN Settings For 4G, 3G, 2G Internet- Manual Data Settings with APN Any smartphone is incomplete without a working internet connection- weather via mobile data or Wi-Fi connectivity. Using an unsecured network is not recommended. By texting keywords to. WPA Personal Mode is targeted to home and small business environments. This content demonstrates a series of methods and some helpful tips to help you manage your #iPhone6sPlus SIM card. Android handsets are starting to see the light of day in Pakistan but sadly the cellular networks over here or more precisely the customer care people aren’t aware of their GPRS/EDGE settings. (Optionally you can enter user name and password). At Made by Google 2019, a revamped Home app was introduced. To fix it, you need re-setup the users. Microsoft may change or discontinue the Previews, or terminate your access to the Previews, at any time The Other Services may not be available in all regions. To Access APN Settings in Android Phone. (Access Point Name) Tab 28 Read the End User License Agreement that appears and, when. Your computer must have a mobile broadband device (modem), which the system has discovered and recognized, in order to create the connection. In other words, you can customize quick settings panel in Android Nougat directly without through There is an export button for this in the "Customize Ribbon" and "Quick Access Toolbar" section of Launch Settings from the Home screen. If available, tap the T-Mobile US LTE (the bullet point fills with green). Tips on how to input the Access Point Name settings correctly into your device across all major smartphone operating systems. I saw a couple of people had a similar issue with kitkat but they weren't even able to get the developer options menu item in the settings. Before selecting a wireless router, check and write down the required setup information, including the SSID and network key [ Checking the Access Point Name or Network Key. The default is netgearxxxxxx, where xxxxxxx represents the last 6 digits of the access point MAC address. On the phone, the setting shall be under "Settings > Cellular > Cellular Data Options > Cellular Network", according to both the carrier's website and Apple Support website : View and edit your Access Point Name (APN) on your iPhone and iPad - Apple Support. HMS Core on Android is Huawei's attempt at providing functionality similar to GMS Core and Google Play Services. 0 Nougat More In Android 7. You can use this function only when you are using a computer compatible with the wireless LAN. APN stands for "Access Point Name" and is essentially a gateway to carriers. Notes on Online Manual Usage How to Print Notes on Online Manual Usage • Reproduction, diversion or copying of any text, photo or image published in the Online Manual (hereinafter referred to as "this guide"), in whole or in part, is prohibited. please go to Chapter 4 'Access Point Settings'. If you’re experiencing issues connecting to the internet once we’ve upgraded your network connection you might need to update your Access Point Name (APN) settings. Open Settings Connections Mobile networks Access Point Names of your Android. Lightweight Access Point (AP) Authorization. Now go to Access Point Names (APN) menu and create new APN. Such users will have to utilize the settings provided in this article. hi claudi , which operating. This functionality is available for all pricing plans except Express. Earlier, it was available for WiFi, and the process was a little bit tedious, but Microsoft introduced Set Application can access almost all the informat But this code is not on the onCreate, so I don´t There is no Access Point to I have Ethernet Connection Options in the Settings menu provided by. 0 Marshmallow and later devices. This issue is apparently related to a deconfiguration of user accounts. If enabled, the user is re-directed to device settings from where Kiosk/MDM management can be revoked. This post may contain affiliate links. 04 LTS'll notice that this mode isn't available to choose from the drop-down. Perform wireless LAN settings with your external device, then assign the access point name (SSID)specified for the machine as a. If you are a novice, you may not get such big payouts right away, but Bitcoin Revolution could be. If Google really wanted to flex. After completing the steps described in this Guide, you will be able to install the Access Points (APs) at your site and. vzwapp Required for PDA data service vzwcf. Not all access points or routers have a WPS button, so if yours does not, you will not be able to setup the printer wirelessly using WPS, but can still connect the printer wirelessly. 2 Select Settings > Wireless controls > Mobile networks > Access Point Names. Free shipping and free returns on eligible items. Splitting an Access Point ¶ To split an Access Point, select the Access Point in the navigation pane, right click and choose Split access point and then choose from 2, 3 or 4 access points on the pop-up menu, or select the Access Point in the map. Name: Orange APN: net Proxy: Port: Username: Password: Server: MMSC: MMS proxy: MMS port: MCC: Check below MNC: Check below Authentication type: APN type: default APN. But everything works except setting the APN. Enable APN (On APN Settings screen GCI WEB should have a blue or green dot showing it is enabled). That should make it work. So if you have a diesel vehicle, it is guaranteed to be in the best possible hands at Bosch Car Service. I had flashed cm13 on my LG LS990 yesterday and everything worked fine except for the mobile data connection. Changing the Access Point Name (APN) may affect the performance and Internet connectivity of the device. If available, tap the T-Mobile US LTE (the bullet point fills with green). LG G3 Apn Settings -Values to Enter. When LTE signal is not available, the device will operate on 4G HSDPA+ or H+, which is the speed below LTE. Username: Optional. Go to – Access point name. Control Scale-Out File Server Cluster Access Point Networks Posted on October 27, 2014 by jeff Scale-out File Server (SOFS) is a feature that allows you to create file shares that are continuously available and load balanced for application storage. com - Near the top of the webpage, select "select a city" if that link is presented and use the search box to find your city. This article will explain how to use your TP-Link N router as an access point. The usual Mobile Networks option is missing from the Setup menus. APN Settings for Globe, Smart, Sun Cellular The following settings are applicable to Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular for their APN settings (Access Point Take a moment to Sign up and gain unlimited access and extra privileges that guests are not entitled to, such as:. Isso está sendo feito apenas para o Lollipop e quando inicio uma atividade com essa intenção (android. Select Settings. Open mobile setting and find mobile network menu. The name will identify the APN on the device. at /org/freedesktop/ConsoleKit/Manager of org. I'm using smart sim on Sim2, walang lumalabas na window for adding apn kung i. > you can head to APN (Access Point Name) Settings and update them. To reset all access point settings except camera registration settings: Press and hold the reset button for about 5 seconds using an object with a thin tip. The Subscriber Sites will not be deleted and will be available to connect to other Access Points. 4 Select Name, enter Cell C internet and press OK. • Enter connection name and press Connect. Available applications and services are subject to change at any time. 2 ways of doing the same thing are change your windows key to the Click the link to "Manage organization-wide settings for device access management. You can also share files with your friends with a microSD card. Just make sure you have followed the steps correctly and haven't missed. 0 Marshmallow and later devices. Select Guest Network. It is not intended to disparage the company or it's workers. This mixture did not set, not even overnight. Display Name of APN: Enter a name for the APN. Go to wireless nd settings --> Mobile networks --> Access Points Names. please go to Chapter 4 'Access Point Settings'. What exactly happens when client access point comes really online? I mean when it can see the shares. But everything works except setting the APN. Use the tables below to see the configurations that are available on this platform. iOS APN Settings (iOS Version 7. To configure your gprs service on the nokia 6300 phone, it is not that hard, you only need to know the settings and how to navigate to the tools on your nokia phone. Available AT&T APNs and Usage Descriptions. Thanks to it, to access the Internet, you do not need to make any settings on your phone – the access is possible even without them. There will be a list with a minimum of one APN. If a PoE port is not available, you must get an AC adapter for the AP. Orange Romania Android 7 Nougat APN settings, 3G settings, 4G LTE APN settings, MMS, internet access point. There could be a number of reasons for this to happen but nothing you can from your side. This desktop utility displays a list of about 30 software categories, such as Kernels, Browser and Games. Packet communication charge applies even if data are not received correctly. developerWorks wikis allow groups of people to jointly create and maintain content through contribution and collaboration. To fix it, you need re-setup the users. Here's how to change APN settings on a Windows Phone with Windows 8 or Windows 7 > Windows 8.